The Equality and Human Rights Commission (the Commission) has been in the news recently.
Investigation regarding equal pay at the BBC
An investigation by the Commission into historical issues of equal pay at the BBC has found no unlawful acts of pay discrimination.
This investigation was prompted by public concern about pay inequality between men and women employed by the BBC. Under the Equality Act 2010, men and women in the same employment performing equal work must receive equal pay, unless any difference in pay can be justified.
The Commission was tasked with establishing whether or not there had been unlawful pay discrimination against women. The Commission also looked at the systems and processes that the BBC used for setting pay and assessing complaints and whether complaints had been resolved adequately.
The investigation looked at a sample of formal and informal pay complaints raised with the BBC by staff from 1 January 2016. The Commission states that it considered more than 1,000 complaints about pay made at the BBC between 2017 and 2019, but only picked 10 for an “in-depth” investigation.
While the in-depth investigation into those ten cases did not identify any unlawful acts of pay discrimination, it did identify themes relating to past pay practices that could give rise to a risk of pay discrimination.
The report confirms that such themes had now largely been resolved through the BBC’s range of pay reforms, aimed at addressing its complex and decentralised pay structure. The BBC had offered back pay or pay rises to hundreds of female journalists following complaints. BBCWomen released a statement in response to the Commission's report noting that it did not address the systemic issue of unequal pay suggested by such pay increases and settlements.
The Commission's report made recommendations that the BBC implement equal pay audits at least every five years and consistent recording of wage decisions “so it is clear why and when an employee’s pay has been decided.”
Parliamentary Joint Committee Report - Black People, Racism and Human Rights
In the context of the Black Lives Matter protests and the Government's announcement of the Commission on Race and Ethnic Disparities, the Joint Committee on Human Rights (the Committee) launched a call for evidence in July and held evidence sessions between July and September.
The Committee has recently published their report “Black People, Racism and Human Rights.” The report found that the Commission has been unable to adequately provide leadership and gain trust in tackling racial inequality in the protection and promotion of human rights.
The Committee commissioned ClearView Research to undertake a survey into Black people's perceptions of whether their human rights are equally protected compared to white people. The survey found that:
- 75% of Black people in the UK believe their human rights are not equally protected compared to white people – rising to 82% of Black women.
- Over 60% of Black people in the UK do not believe their health is as equally protected by the NHS compared to white people.
- The death rate for Black women in childbirth is five times higher than for white women.
- 25 per cent of Black voters in Great Britain are not registered to vote compared to a 17 per cent average across the population
- 85 percent of Black people are not confident that they would be treated the same as a white person by the police.
The Committee's report notes that "In terms of its ability to act as a vocal champion for the Black community, witnesses told us that the EHRC compares unfavourably with the Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) which it replaced when it was established in 2007."
Further, that "the Commission’s limited budget is another constraint on its effectiveness. In 2006 the CRE had a budget of £90 million just for race issues; the EHRC currently has a budget of £17.1 million for all the work it is required to do across all the protected characteristics."
The Committee's report makes strong recommendations that the Commission needs more resources, stronger enforcement powers and must include Black commissioners as well as recommending that:
- The Government should set out a comprehensive cross-Government race equality strategy which has at its heart improved data collection on racial inequality, specifically on health, criminal justice, nationality and immigration, and democracy.
- A new high profile body be set up to champion and press for progress on ending race inequality, similar to the CRE, which was absorbed into the EHRC in 2007.
- The NHS must set a target to end the maternal mortality gap whereby Black women are more than 5 times as likely to die in pregnancy or childbirth than white women.
- The Government should consult on the introduction of automatic voter registration to tackle the unequal franchise.
- The impact on the Black community of COVID-19 has been disproportionately severe. Any lessons learned review or public inquiry into the Government's response to Covid-19 must prioritise consideration of the unequal impact on Black people.
- The police must set a target to build the confidence of the Black community and undertake and publish polling on Black people’s confidence in the police. The recommendations from the Lammy Review and the Angiolini Review of deaths in custody must be acted upon as a matter of urgency.
- The Government must fulfil its promise to implement the recommendations from the Windrush Lessons Learned Review, in full, as a matter of urgency. Those affected must receive the compensation that they are entitled to without further delay.
Finally, the Committee recommended that the Government should consider whether changes are required to equality legislation to make it more effective as a tool to enforce Black people’s human rights.